Margin & Carbon Calculator


Miscanthus Giganteus - Margin Positive, Carbon Negative*

Select your planted area (100 Hectares)


Your Margin






CO2 Capture


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Make a Healthy Margin and Take Climate Change Action

Return on crop of ha per annum

With the current Climate Change crisis in the news full time, it's important that we as landowners look at the various ways that we can become "Margin Positive, Carbon Negative". Using this tool to calculate your potential margin and carbon sequestration, will enable you to view the potentials not only now, but, also for the future - it's quite possible that landowners will receive carbon payments for each ton of carbon sequestered. We will keep you informed of any developments in this area as they happen.

As each site varies in terms of your own circumstances, climate conditions, soil type, preparation costs, processing costs, yields and transport along with the product sale price, it is impossible to provide accurate figures for gross margins. However, we try and reflect below, the average of data for Miscanthus Giganteus that we have had access to over the years. This provides you with indicative guidelines to use as a basis for your research.

The planting and harvesting operations are currently costed as performed by a contractor. Should Miscanthus be grown as the main farm crop, then it is likely that the fixed costs will see a reduction (using your own equipment).

To achieve a healthy dispertion, rhizomes are planted at a rate of a minimum of 20,000 / ha

Establishing the Crop on Farm

Indicative Cost of Establishment (£ GBP)

Activity Cost/ha Yours ha
Rhizome costs 0000 00000
Cultivation 000 0000
Herbicides 000 0000
Contract Planting 000 0000
TOTAL 000 0000

Harvesting Miscanthus Giganteus

Harvesting of the Miscanthus, is based on a contractor using a modified maize harvester followed by a high density D187 type baler. Based on our 20 years of growing Miscanthus Giganteus, we can safely assume an average yield of 10 tonnes per hectare at 16% moisture content will be the equivalent of 8.4 oven dry tonnes per hectare.

Obviously these costs would be reduced by a large margin if the machinery / labour is supplied by the farm and the return increases with a higher yield.

Indicative Cost of Harvesting (£ GBP)

Activity Cost/ha Yours ha
Harvester 0000 00000
Baling 000 0000
Load, stack & cart 000 0000
TOTAL 000 0000

Production Costs of Crop

From our own experience the crop lasts well over 20 years without any lifting / refresh therefore we have assumed the costs of establishment divided over this period.

Indicative Cost of Production (£ GBP)

Activity Cost/ha Yours ha
Establishment 0000 00000
Harvesting 000 0000
TOTAL 000 0000

Revenue From Selling the Crop

The gross margin is very much dependent on the end use purchaser and contractual extra costs you may incur. We provide an example here of selling to buyer with an extended carbon life use. Your situation is likely to be very different and we would encourage you to get in touch to discuss your opportunities.

Indicative Income Calculation (£ GBP)

Activity Per ha. Yours ha
Revenue @ £75/t 000 0000
Production Costs 0000 00000

NOTE: This excludes any BPS or future ELMs payments.

Total margin is dependent on the harvested yield and the selling price ex farm. Established crops on heavier soils with plenty of moisture and product supplied to a sustainable raw material use, are already producing margins in excess of £700/ha.



Whilst every effort is made to ensure the information provided is correct, Miscanthus Nursery Limited, cannot be held responsible for the consequences of any action taken on the basis of the content on this page.

We are happy to provide further advice based on your circumstances, including location, soil type and other factors that can affect yield & prices.


*Carbon Negative when the cane is used/locked up in materials such as building materials, packaging etc.